Signs and Symptoms of Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP)

Abstract

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) comes under autoimmune disease and known as a bleeding disorder. In ITP, due to the decrease in platelet count, the blood does not clot accurately. The reduction in platelet cells occurs due to abnormal functioning of the immune system.As per the modern medicine system, steroids and immunosuppressant which are generally prescribed only suppress the condition and sometimes even cause side effects. Our ancient treatment, Ayurvedic medical system eliminate the root cause of the disease naturally. Natural herbs will manage the responsible dosha but it won’t alone do it you have to improve lifestyle and dietary patterns

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is defined as a hematologic disorder which is associated with accelerated platelet consumption which includes immune thrombocytopenia and reduced bone marrow production. (1)

What Can be The Possible Causes of Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP)?

The exact Cause of idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura is not known. A possible cause of ITP is auto response of the immune system, when the immune system mistakenly leads to the destruction of platelets that cause excessive bleeding. In children, it is mainly due to viral infection.It can occur at any age, such as in children and adults. Women are more prone to have ITP than men.

Signs and Symptoms of Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP)

In ITP, the platelet count is reduced leading to excessive bleeding. The normal range of platelet count is 150,000 to 450,000. If the platelet count falls below the normal range, the patient may have ITP and a greater reduction in platelet count carries a greater risk of bleeding.

It Includes

  • Small red bumps on the skin
  • Formation of Bruises
  • Recurrent nosebleeds
  • Bleeding from your gums
  • Abnormal heavy periods
  • Blood in stools or urine
  • Hematoma
  • Excessive fatigue

1. Small Red Bumps on Your Skin

This is the most common symptom of ITP. The term is used for small red bumps on the skin is Petechia. Small red bumps on the skin are caused by bleeding from under the skin. Petechia first appears as a rash that later increases in form of bumps. Purplish ting may also appear on them. If you notice small red bumps and rashes on the skin, then you have to see a doctor.

2. Formation of Bruises

Bruises are caused by injuries that make the capillaries to break under the surface of the skin. This leads to bleeding from broken capillaries and creates black and blue lesions. Over time, these bruises turn yellow and later fade when the blood returns to the body.

The Bruises may occur due to many reasons, like in elders, there is a high risk of bruising due to natural thinning and weakening of the skin, due to sun damage and the use of some medicines.

It mostly develops in arms and legs. In ITP Bruises are known as purpura. The level of platelet leads to excess bleeding and causes difficulty in a blood clot which leads to the formation of bruises even after a small injury. They usually occur in purple color, and they can also develop inside the mouth.

3. Bleeding From Gums

ITP may cause gum bleeding which mostly occurs during regular routines thorough dental cleaning or other dental methods. In severe cases, brushing may cause bleeding from the gums.

3. Recurrent Nosebleeds

Nosebleeds occur when there are blisters on the sensitive skin inside the nose. Nosebleeds seem to be common but it can be related to any serious medical condition. Nosebleeds may be due to some condition like allergies, colds, sinus infections and medicines that thin the blood. If there is a constant nosebleed occurs at least one time a week, it can be a symptom of ITP.

4. Abnormal Heavy Periods

A decrease in platelet count from ITP can also obstruct the menstrual cycle and leads to greater bleeding than normal. Excess of bleeding during periods leads to many complications, such as anemia. If you start experiencing a regular heavy period every month, this is a serious concern and you will have to see a doctor.

5. Blood in Stools and Urine

In ITP, low platelet count may also cause bleeding in stools and urine. Blood in the stool and urine is not a common cause. Sometimes people get confused when blood comes in the urine and consider it a sign of infection. If there is blood in urine or stools, see a doctor. This may be a sign of ITP.

6. Hematoma

Hematoma is a solid lump of clotted blood inside the tissues under the skin. It is also a symptom of ITP. It is a kind of deep bruise and occurs with a mild injury.

7. Excessive Fatigue

It is also a common sign of ITP. The ITP patient feels excessive fatigue which include some signs such as patient need more sleep than usual, need daytime naps, feel tired during the day time, and lack of energy.

References

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4147825/

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